For athletes, an expensive contract to play a sport will cause a huge amount of pressure to perform amazingly every day. That is why many athletes opt for steroids to improve their performance. The majority of people know that steroids are used for making muscles growth faster, come with some harmful side effects, banned by many sports league and not legal without a prescription. However, how do steroids build lean muscle mass? Read on to understand how steroids work.
Anabolic steroids are the synthetic derivatives of testosterone, a naturally produced hormone. They work to promote muscle growth (anabolic effect) and the typical characteristics of puberty in men (androgenic effect). Some steroids mimic androgenic hormones. If prescribed illegally, they are an option for those who abnormally produce low testosterone levels or people who suffer from body-wasting diseases like AIDS or cancer. If used by athletes, anabolic steroids are aimed at accelerating the natural muscle-building process of the body.
If a man lifts weights heavier than he is used to, he makes tiny micro-tears in muscle fibers. The natural repair process of the body repairs the tear and overcompensates by putting larger cells in order to build a stronger fiber. The process is called muscular hypertrophy. The teardown and re-build process will lead to muscle growth over time.
Natural testosterone is the main ingredient of the body for this process; however, anabolic steroids can act as a supplement. When taken, the steroids travel through the blood stream to the muscle tissue. They are drawn into the receiving dock of the body named androgen receptor. When delivered to the muscle cell, anabolic steroids can interact with the DNA of the cell and stimulate protein synthesis process which promotes cell growth.
Various amounts and variants of anabolic steroids can cause different reactions that produce either more toned athletic muscles or bodybuilding physiques. A lot of athletes experiment with various combinations or regimens in order to try to fine-tune the final outcome.
Although the media focus on the bulked-up home run hitters, pitchers and other athletes who need a faster turnaround from overused and sore muscles will also benefit from anabolic steroids. Also, intense exercise releases cortisol, which is the stress hormone that breaks muscle tissue down to produce sore muscles.
Anabolic steroids can prevent cortisol from binding to the receptor sites of the muscle cell diminishing the breakdown process. When there is less muscle breakdown, there will be less muscle fatigue that would enable an athlete to recover quickly.